advise的三种用法

回答
爱扬教育

2021-10-02

advise是动词,可以表示建议,通常为及物动词。advise后面不能直接跟不定式,但可接不定式的复合结构。当advise后接不定式复合结构时要被动语态形式。

扩展资料

  用法:

  1. 表示“建议”,通常为及物动词,若其后的宾语是动词,通常应是动名词,而不能是不定式。如:

  我建议等到适当的.时候。

  正:I advise waiting till the right time.

  误:I advise to wait till the right time.

  注意:advise 之后不能直接跟不定式,但可接不定式的复合结构。如:

  He advised us to sell the house. 他建议我们把房子卖了。

  The doctor advised me to stop smoking. 医生建议我戒烟。

  注意 advise 后接不定式复合结构时的被动语态形式不要与上面第一个句型混为一谈。如:

  主动式:He advised us to sell the house.

  被动式:We were advised to sell the house.

  比较错误句型:We advised to sell the house. (误)

  2. 其后若接 that 从句,通常要用虚拟语气(should+v.)。如:

  He advised that I (should) write her a letter. 他建议我给她写封信。

  3. 比较以下同义句型:

  请指点我选哪一个。

  正:Please advise me which to choose.

  正:Please advise me which I should choose.

  我劝他不要一个人去。

  正:I advised him not to go alone.

  正:I advised him against going alone.